The Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience (ICN) in National Central University was established in September of 2003 as Taiwan’s first graduate institute that focuses on human behaviors and neural mechanisms. The aim of the institute is to cultivate potential researchers as well as fostering the studies of cognitive neuroscience and brain science. The ultimate goal of strengthening Taiwan’s academic community in the interpretation of human mental operations and applying study results to educational studies, crime prevention and commercial practice are also the intended objectives of ICN.
The Emotion and Criminology Lab studies the differences in cognitive control and emotion regulation between normal and the violent/sexual offense criminals. By researching various aspects of cognitive neuroscience combined with other relevant areas, the ultimate goal of crime prevention and correction may be achieved.
This lab studies various aspects of behaviour, primarily in the visual domain (target detection, eye movement control, 3D perception) but also including such areas as inhibitory control, synaesthesia, and time perception. These are investigated with psychophysical, brain stimulation, imaging and electrophysiological approaches with the aim of offering insight into how our brain gives rise to our perception of the world.
The Auditory Cognition Lab combines psychophysical, signal processing, and neuroimaging approaches to investigate functional properties of the human auditory cortex in response to spectro-temporal, spatial, and motion features of complex acoustic signals. Currently, research in the Auditory Perception & Neuro-imaging Laboratory focuses on three main areas: Pitch Identification and Production by Absolute-Pitch Musicians, Space-Encoding and Motion Processing by the Auditory System and Hierarchical Organization of the Human Auditory Cortex: Processing of Acoustic Features in Speech.
Using tools like psychophysics, eye-tracking, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and electroencephalography (EEG), the visual cognition lab examines the neural mechanisms of visual attention and executive functions and is also increasingly applying research results to areas such as educational learning and crime prevention.
We are interested in the study of psychological stress and the range of effects it has on people’s well-being. Our research involves the study of stress and emotions and their bidirectional relationships with both psychological and physical health. Laboratory studies include psychophysiological reactions to psychosocial stressors, adaptation to psychological trauma, and the role of religion/spirituality in coping with psychological trauma. Applied studies include examination of cognitive behavioral therapy in treating various types of psychological disorders in the Asian cultural context. We are also studying and developing intervention programs aimed at increasing individuals’ emotional intelligence and their ability to regulate emotions and manage stress, as well as the effects these interventions may have on impulse control and well-being in general. Another line of investigation involves applied criminal psychology, including the study of sexual and violent offenders and concealed information tests (CIT, i.e., lie detection).
The Human Memory Lab performs behavior experiments through electroencephalography(EEG),event-related potentials(ERPs), magnetoencephalography (MEG) and records of brain electrophysiology from the physical body to examine the characteristics of human memory functions, including the presentational features of memories: how they are formed, distorted as well as the information processing and these related neuro-mechanisms during the processes.
The concept & language lab uses behavioral experiments and electroencephalography (EEG) research in ICN, magnetoencephalography (MEG) in Academica Sinica and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in Yang-Ming University to study numerical processing and language representation (both short and long-terms) in normal participants versus brain lesion patients.
Laboratory studies include psychophysiological reactions to psychosocial stressors, adaptation to psychological trauma, and the role of religion/spirituality in coping with psychological stress. Applied studies include examination of cognitive behavioral therapy in treating various types of psychological disorders in the Asian cultural context.
We employ various cutting edge methodologies of data analysis (e.g. multiscale entropy, Hilbert-Huang Transformation) to investigate brain signals from EEG/ MEG, together with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation/ Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, Eye Tracker, and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging to ask neural mechanisms of attention, inhibitory control, visual working memory in adults, pre-schoolers, and patients.
In the past years, neuroimaging techniques have widely advanced the knowledge of neuroscience at a pace much faster than ever. Therefore, it is time to apply such neuroimaging techniques as well as its know-how to the neurological diseases for better understanding the mechanisms of these diseases.
The action & cognition lab examines human’s characteristics in action control and the related brain mechanisms. Research topics include humans’ movement ability, motor imagery, motor learning and the differences on gender and age in terms of action cognitive ability.
Emotion & Criminology Laboratory
Brain & Behaviour Laboratory
Music & Auditory Cognition Laboratory
Visual Cognition Laboratory
Stress, Emotion Regulation, and Criminal Psychology Lab
Human Memory Laboratory
Concept & Language Laboratory
Computational & Applied Neuroscience Lab
Clinical Neuroscience Laboratory
Action and Cognition Laboratory